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When writing a journal article, literature review, convention paper, or any other academic document, authors must include in-text citations whenever they refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. In addition, every time a wok is cited within a paper in APA, a parenthetical citationa corresponding entry must be included in the reference list.
APA American Psychological Association is the style the formatting style most used to cite sources within the social sciences and in several other academic disciplines.
In research papers, in-text citations are most commonly used in the Introduction and Results sections. This resource provides detailed guidelines for citing sources in your paper and includes examples of in-text citation for reference by research authors.
When referring to external work or referencing an entire work but not directly quoting the material, you only need to make reference to the author and year of publication and not the page number in your citation. The results of the first enzyme study Chen et al.
If you have referred to the author of the work in the sentence or earlier in the paragraph, you only need to include the year of publication in the citation. Chen discusses several relationships revealed in this study. Verb tense used in referring to other works APA style requires authors to use past tense or present perfect tense NOT present tense when using signal phrases to refer to or discuss previous research.
Klinge and Rogers found that mirroring is instrumental in developments of performative gender roles. When giving information that reflects the results or implications of previous work, place the citation author and publication date at the end of the sentence. Mirroring has been found to be instrumental in the development of performative gender roles Klinge and Rogers, Capitalization Always capitalize author names and initials in in-text citations.
Include the page number in parentheses at the end of the quoted text. Note that the quotation marks surround the text only, and not the parenthetical citation. In-text Citation Rules for Long Quotations Long direct quotations are those with at least 40 words of quoted text in a row. Long quotes should be placed in a separate block of lines without quotation marks, similar to creating a new paragraph.
Begin the quotation on a new line and indent 0. Type the entire quotation within these new margins and using double-spacing. Include the parenthetical citation after the final punctuation mark. This tendency could be attributed to either a misunderstanding of correct methodology or to a feeling of freedom to explore different approaches that the researchers have yet to employ.
APA guidelines encourage this inclusion but do not require it. According to Khannew researchers tend to use more diverse methodologies. New researchers tend to use more diverse methodologies Khan,p.The citation information in the body of the paper itself is called the "in-text citation”.
The most obvious time to use it in text is when you use a quote from a source directly or refer to it by title or author. by Chelsea Lee. Academic writing is full of little conventions that may seem opaque to the uninitiated.
One of these is the Latin phrase et al., an abbreviation meaning “and others.”It is used to shorten lists of author names in text citations to make repeated referencing shorter and simpler.
This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. Multiple Same Source Citations in the same Paragraph in MLA format?
Ask Question. up vote 5 down vote favorite. 1. I'm writing a paper for a Political Science class. We are allowed to use "any standard citation format", so I've decided to use MLA.
Citing an article with multiple authors in APA style. 4. Using one source, multiple times, and. MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.
This resource, (8 th ed.), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, Citing a work by multiple authors.
An essential component of a research paper, in-text citations are a way of acknowledging the ideas of the author(s) of a particular work. Each source that appears as an in-text citation should have a corresponding detailed entry in the References list at the end of the paper.