Phil Brown, Flickr Creative Commons At the national level, environmental historians have identified three major historic strands of conservation thinking and action that have provided historic foundations for the contemporary environmental movement. These are utilitarian conservation natural resource managementpreservationist conservation preserving scenic natureand wildlife habitat protection.
Introduction The search for a sustainable economy is based to a most important extent on the conviction that we, the living, hold the earth in trust for future generations. The churches have participated in the effort to make this conviction a part of public consciousness.
There also has been progress in elaborating a theology of creation, which offers a spiritual perspective on the duties we have concerning the long term future.
I have discovered the fascinating issue of obligations to future generations from the lay perspective of a lawyer studying the values embodied in law and legal systems. Environmental law often reflects an implicit social commitment to respect for the needs of future people. What is the foundation for that commitment itself?
Why should we care for the future at all? Can such a commitment fit within the presently dominant framework of social ethics, and can that commitment, particularly, find a place within a theory of justice aiming at a general consensus?
Here, as elsewhere, the question is how to relate secular thought on the one hand, which dominates academic research and public debate, and the views we may have on the basis of our religious beliefs on the other.
Personally, I feel that faith should serve as an inspiration for certain engagements which one is faithful to within the general secular debate itself.
Conserving resources essay help is how I understand the churches to have been working when launching the concept of a responsible, just and participatory society. We must presume that there are many meeting points between a social ethics inspired by faith and a secular but humane perspective on the social order, which resists the many nihilistic, reductive or too flatly utilitarian perspectives which also find their disciples in the present world.
This approach has not yet been fully tested as concerns our obligations to future generations. The subject has barely started to excite academic research but is already showing its many philosophical difficulties.
On the level of politics and public debate, the conviction that we have duties towards the future forms the unquestioned, but therefore largely unexamined rationale of the struggle for ecological conservation.
Theological approaches, on the other hand, may be tempted to drown the topic in a plea for new ways of relating to cosmic reality. In this paper, I argue that our obligations towards the future must find a firm basis in social ethics: What moral forces can help us to enlarge the time horizon of that conception?
At a later stage, I suggest that the environmental context which I address all along creates an additional challenge: Fundamental questions concerning the meaning of human history, which go beyond social ethics, then come into their own.
A challenge for social ethics 1. Our growing ecological awareness has formed the main context for putting the long term future on our moral agenda. Future generations are exposed to great harm by the way in which we, the living, exploit the environmental resources of the earth.
There is a sense in which the whole issue of obligations to future generations is therefore part and parcel of ecological discourse in general: But in doing this, there is a danger of being tempted by the mysticism of "deep ecology" which obscures the specifically human aspect of the problem.
It is surely legitimate to discover an intrinsic value in the beauty of natural forms or in biological diversity.
Ecological awareness precisely consists in recognizing that mankind is part of a wider reality. But when we feel that we have duties towards future people, it is a specifically moral, man-centred anthropocentric perspective that we take.
We are not dealing then with "nature" but with human beings, whom we perceive to be the victims of a particularly strong handicap: The issue is plainly one of social ethics, and it must be treated through an interpretation of the principles we are committed to in that particular field.
The duties we are convinced of in our relations with the long term future concern ecological resources, but the reasons for such a conviction must be sought in the sphere of moral relations between human beings, which religious leaders and philosophers have been dealing with since antiquity.
The mankind-centred character of the issue is also clear when we give attention to the potentially catastrophic impact of ecological mismanagement. The issue faced then transforms into saving the chance to have a future at all.
It is with continuing the adventure of mankind on this planet, rather than with "life" or "nature" in some vague meaning of the word, that we are concerned. If I am right, the home oikos which ecological awareness shows us to have, also consists in the open horizon of a collective future.
More about this further on. Obligations to future generations is a quite recent subject in political and ethical theory. The threats to the future from population and pollution have given it added urgency. But the subject of justice over time has shown itself to be an extremely difficult one.
As two recent commentators put it, the inquiries of political theory have taken place in the past and most do at present "within the grossly simplifying assumptions of a timeless world.Outline: I.
Introduction a. Information about pollution b. Thesis Statement II. Pure sources/ Natural beauty a. Water is essential b. Valuable resource on earth c.
Natural resource that should be taken care of III. Increases health issues a. Water pollution is the leading cause of death b. Viruses/ Diseases c. Not pure/ Contains chemicals IV. Essay Instructions: Write a word paper on FOREST ECOSYSTEM. Include the following: 1.) Discuss one management practice for sustainability and conservation of natural resources in that ecosystem.( words) 2.) Identify the risks and benefits of extracting or using one type of nonrenewable and one type of renewable energy resource from that ecosystem, or in areas near that ecosystem.
We should take the following steps to conserve non-renewable resources. Conservation of minerals: Minerals add to our safety, health and well-being.
Water conservation not only decreases energy and resources being consumed by purification or transportation methods, it also decreases pollution to nearby lakes, rivers and reservoirs, as overloaded systems can create backflow into natural habitats.
Conservation of the environment is of foremost importance. It is essential to protect the ozone layer, preserve the animal and human food chains, protect drinkable water, and use the non-renewable resources in an efficient manner.
Essay No. Pollution. The word pollution has been derived from the Latin word pollution, which means to make dirty. Pollution is the process of making the environment land water and air dirty by adding harmful substances to it.